Strategic location in the heart of Europe
1. CEF (Connecting Europe Facility, (pl.) „Łącząc Europę”)
Has replaced the EU's TEN-T program. According to the European Commission proposal, as part of the “Connecting Europe Facility (CEF)” for the period 2021-2027, financing of investments in pan-European transport, energy and digital infrastructure network will increase by almost 50 percent. In June 2018, the European Commission proposed EUR 42.3 billion for this purpose.
2. The "Solidarity" Transport Hub
Is an upcoming transport hub based on integrated air and rail infrastructure nodes. The port is to be built 40 km from Warsaw in Baranów and based on existing schedules, the basic investment is planned to be completed by 2027.
3. National Access Point (pl.: Krajowy Punkt Dostępowy [KPD])
Is a service implemented under the European CROCODILE 2 project, which enables access to information on traffic conditions. This is the first stage of implementing the idea of the so-called "One stop shop", integrating data resources on country-wide traffic disruptions in real time, as well as data about parking areas located on the main road network connected with the DATEX II communication protocol.
4. Local Government Roads Fund (pl.: Fundusz Dróg Samorządowych)
Transfers funds on a competitive basis for the purpose of co-financing infrastructure projects at the local government level. It is planned to allocate up to PLN 36 billion in the next 10 years.
5. National Road Construction Program for 2014-2023 (with perspective until 2025)
Ensures the completion of construction of the most important expressways, motorways and ring roads, as well as the implementation of investment activities that improve road safety.
6. The National Traffic Management System
A uniform, integrated teleinformation system that enables dynamic traffic management in the national road network. It also aims to integrate with ITS systems implemented by other road administrators, including urban areas.
7. National Road Safety Program 2021-2030
Aims to further increase the level of road safety, i.e. reduce the number of accidents, educate the public on road hazards, counteract excessive speed, improve the safety of pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists, as well as halve the number of fatalities and seriously injured on Polish roads.
8. National Railway Programme
Ensures the connection of Voivodeship centers with modernized railway lines by 2023, with a minimum average speed of 100 km / hr. for passenger trains, and the implementation of the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) on the most important railway routes.
9. Railway Plus Programme
The programme will facilitate access to passenger rail travel, improve the conditions for business activity and road safety (rail transport will take over some freight transport). This will mainly apply to towns with more than 10,000 inhabitants who currently do not have access to passenger or freight rail transport.
10. A Construction programme of a 100 ring roads between 2020-2030
The program defines the investment objectives and priorities for the construction of city ring roads on the national road network. It also indicates the sources of financing and investment tasks to be implemented.
11. A Strategy for Sustainable Development in Transport until 2030
The main goal of the national transport policy presented in this strategy is to increase the accessibility of all transport systems and improve the safety of road users as well as the efficiency of the transport sector by creating a coherent, sustainable, innovative and user-friendly transport system at a national, European and global level.
12. A Railway Station Investments Program for 2016-2023
One of the projects to be implemented under the "Strategy for Responsible Development until 2020 (with an outlook until 2030)", covering 188 railway station investments with a total value of PLN 1.4 billion. Thanks to actions taken at transport terminals, the program aims to improve the level of service for passengers and integrate the railways system with other types of transport.
13. A Development Programme for Polish Seaports until year 2030
c The main objective of the program is to permanently strengthen the position of Polish seaports as leaders among the dockyards of the Baltic Sea basin. They are to play the role of key nodes and global supply chains for Central and Eastern Europe and contributes to Poland’s socio-economic development.
14. The development of inland waterways for 2016-2020 (with an outlook until 2030)
Work is underway to increase the volume of goods and passenger transport by inland waterway. The priorities are: the Odra Waterway (E-30), improvement of the navigation conditions of the Vistula river waterway, connection the Odra - Vistula - Vistula Lagoon and Warsaw - Brest, expansion of the E-70 and E-40 waterways.
|Map ref. number||Route||A number of connected countries|
|1||Helsinki – Tallinn – Riga – Warszawa/Gdańsk||6|
|2||Berlin – Warszawa – Minsk – Moscow – Nizhny Novgorod||4|
|3||Berlin/Dresden – Wrocław – Katowice – Kraków – Rzeszów – Lviv – Kiev||3|
Gdańsk – Grudziądz – Toruń – Łódź – Katowice – Żylina – Ostrava
Transshipment terminals in Poland
1. The Port Szczecin
Is a universal port that supports both general cargo (containers, oversized cargo) and bulk cargo (coal, coke, grain, etc.). It can be used by ships with a maximum length of 215 m and a maximum draft of 9.15 m. In 2018, cargo turnover in the port of Szczecin accounted for 10.2% of the turnover in Polish seaports.
2. The Port Świnoujście
Is located directly on the Baltic Sea coast. It can be used by ships with a maximum length of 270 m. and a maximum draft of 13.5 m. The port houses a terminal handling dry bulk cargo, mainly coal, ore and agricultural products (a terminal specializing in transshipment of agri-food goods). An important function of the port is the handling of general cargo reloaded using conventional methods, as well as in containers and in the ro-ro system. The port in Świnoujście has a ferry terminal with five bays which serve passenger-car and car-rail ferries on the route to Sweden. Świnoujście’s share of cargo turnover of Polish seaports in 2018 was 18.3%. In terms of the regular connections, they are to the Scandinavian countries, Great Britain, Ireland and Russia as well as container feed connections to the largest base ports of- Hamburg, Bremenhaven and Rotterdam.
3. The Port Gdynia
In 2018, the turnover in the port of Gdynia accounted for 22.8% of the total turnover of Polish seaports and amounted to 20,974.3 thousand tones, reaching the highest level recorded since the year 2000. The port specialises in handling general cargo, mainly unit loads transported in containers (it has two modern container terminals) and in handling rolling units (terminal for ro-ro units). Ships with a maximum length of 340 m and a draft of up to 13.0 m may call at the port of Gdynia.
4. The Port DCT Gdańsk and its Deepwater Container Terminal
The annual capacity of the terminal is 3,000,000 TEU and the storage area is 55,000 TEU. It can be used by ships with a maximum length of 425 m and a maximum draft of 15 m. The port of Gdańsk has the largest share of cargo turnover of all Polish seaports, which in 2018 amounted to 46.2%.