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Why Poland
Home > Why Poland > Poland in figures > Foreign direct investments in Poland

Foreign direct investments in Poland


(according to the National Bank of Poland data)

The FDI stock equalled to EUR 159 billion at the end of 2016.

The  main foreign investors at the end of 2016 were:

  • The Netherlands: EUR 33.9 billion
  • Germany: EUR 29.2 billion
  • Luxembourg: EUR 23.5 billion
  • and France: EUR 17.8 bilion

FDI stock division by sector:

  • services in total EUR 105.7 billion,
  • industrial processing EUR 55.5 billion,
  • financial and insurance activities EUR 33.4 billion,
  • wholesale and retail trade, including vehicle repairs, EUR 25.8 billion.


FDI stock at the end of 2015



Source: NBP

FDI inflow in 2016 equalled to EUR 12.6 billion.

The biggest investors were:

  • The Netherlands EUR 4.6 billion
  • Germany EUR 3.1 billion;
  • Luxembourg EUR 1.9 billion.

FDI inflows at the end of 2015 (bn EUR)



Source: NBP

 

The biggest disinvestments have been observed from the following countries:
  • Ireland -0.52 billion EUR
  • Italy -0.38 billion EUR
  • Spain -0.17 EUR

FDI inflow division by sector:
  • industrial processing EUR 3.6 billion,
  • professional, scientific and technical activity of EUR 2.4 billion.
  • information and communication of EUR 2.2 billion.

Balance of payments and international investment position compilation principles have been outlined in the 6th edition of Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6). The main objective of BPM6 is ensuring international comparability of data across balance of payments and international investment position.

The BPM6 has been revised in parallel with the update of System of National Accounts 2008 (SNA 2008) and European System of Accounts 2010 (ESA2010). The OECD4 Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment Manual has also been revised. The aforementioned regulations employ unified definitions, classifications and conventions with the view to ensure consistency and comparability of balance of payments statistics and system of national accounts data.

Furthermore, methodological adjustments and additional positions in assets and liabilities have been introduced to further comparability with the system of national accounts. Therefore the data for years before 2013 are not directly comparable.


Foreign investors in Poland - data by the Central Statistical Office

In 2016, the analyzed group of entities with foreign capital consisted of 24 780 units. Units with up to 49 employed persons prevailed in the analyzed group of entities with foreign capital. They accounted for 82.7% of total number of analyzed enterprises (micro-enterprises with up to 9 persons employed accounted for 65.1%). Medium-sized entities, of the number of employed persons from 50 to 249, accounted for 11.6% of the whole group, whereas large enterprises, of the number of employed persons 250 and more accounted for 5.7%.

The majority of entities conducted business activity related to trade; repair of motor vehicles (29.1%), manufacturing (20.3%), professional, scientific and technical activities (9.8%) and real estate activities (9.6%). More than every third entity with foreign capital had its registered office in Mazowieckie Voivodship.

Foreign capital invested in Poland at the end of 2016 came from 129 countries. Over 90% of foreign capital came from the EU member states. Countries that invested in Poland capital of the highest value are as follows: the Netherlands (21.9% of foreign capital in total), Germany (17.5%) and France (14.4%). The value of Dutch capital at the end of 2016 amounted to 43 597.9 mln zl. Over two-thirds of this capital was invested in manufacturing and trade; repair of motor vehicles.

The value of German capital invested in Poland amounted to 34 802.5 mln zl. There was 31.4% of this capital invested in manufacturing, and 36.5% – in trade; repair of motor vehicles. The value of French capital invested in Poland amounted at the end of 2016 to 28 666.0 mln zl. One-third of French capital was invested in manufacturing and trade; repair of motor vehicles. Capital from Luxembourg amounted to 25 584.6 mln zl, 46.4% of this capital was invested in manufacturing. The value of capital from Cyprus amounted to 6 452.3 mln zl. One third of Cypriot capital was invested in manufacturing – 30.3%.

The capital coming from the following three countries constituted a half (50.8%) of foreign capital invested in manufacturing: the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg. With regard to trade; repair of motor vehicles, over 50.0% of the capital came from two countries: Germany and the Netherlands. As for construction, a half of capital came from the Netherlands, Spain, Luxembourg and France. With regard to real estate activities, over 60% accounted for capital from Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Germany. In the case of transport and storage, 45.1% of capital came from the Netherlands, the next 25% came from France and Luxembourg. Majority of capital invested in professional, scientific activities came from the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Germany.

Information based on: Economic Activity of Entities with Foreign Capital in 2016, Central Statistical Office.

Additional information

National Bank of Poland
Central Statistical Office
UNCTAD
OECD
Last update: April 2018

 


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