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Polish law for investors

Polish Information and Foreign Investment Agency proposes to familiarize with the information on the main aspects of doing business in Poland.

According to the Economic Freedom Act of July 2nd, 2004 foreign persons [1] from the EU and European Free Trade Agreement zones belonging to the European Economic Area may undertake and run business on the basis of the same rules applicable to Polish entrepreneurs.

As a general rule other foreign persons  have the right, unless international agreements state otherwise, to undertake and run business activity only in the following forms:

They have also the right to enter these kind of partnerships or companies and purchase their shares.

Furthermore foreign entrepreneurs [2] may run business activity in the form of branch office, and also set up representative offices on the territory of Poland.

Which organisational form of doing business is the most appropriate for entrepreneurs and in which stage?

[1] Within the meaning of the law, a foreign person is:

  • a natural person residing abroad, without Polish citizenship,
  • a legal  person with a seat (registered office) abroad, an organisational unit with a seat abroad, which is not a legal entity, but has a legal capacity.

[2] According to the law, a foreign entrepreneur is a  foreign person running a business activity abroad.


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Polish Investment and Trade Agency
ul. Bagatela 12; 00-585 Warsaw;
Fax: +48 22 334 9889

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office hours: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m
Taxpayer's Identification Number (NIP) PL 526-030-01-67;

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