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Why Poland



Poland has been dynamically developing and modernizing its transport infrastructure both road, rail, air and sea.

Thanks to its strategic location at the crossways of main European transportation corridors along the North - South, as well as East - West, as well as improving transportation infrastructure, Poland has been dynamically accentuating its strong position at the Europe’s logistics map.

  • 21 multimodal logistics hubs along TEN-T (Trans-European Transport Networks, programme pursued by the EU, regarding transportation network) will be in place by 2020 r.
  • Over EUR 11 bn was invested in Poland in construction of motor and expressways in period of 2008-2014.
  • Over EUR 15.6 bn will be invested in railway infrastructure along the 2014 - 2023 Multi-Year Railway Investment Plan.
  • Over EUR 32.5 bn will be invested in road infrastructure within the framework of 2014-2020 EU financial perspective. Out of the figure, EUR 21 bn will come from national budget, the rest from EU funds.
  • 1800 km of local and expressways will be constructed by 2023.

Road infrastructure in Poland

Source: GDDKiA, 2016

Poland’s transportation infrastructure - main figures

Cargo transit through Poland

Poland hosts cargo transit freight from Western and South Europe and Central and East European states (Estonia, Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan)

Several international routes runs through Poland, with a length of 5 thou. km:

  1. Berlin - Legnica - Opole - Kraków - Rzeszów - Przemyśl - Lvov;
  2. Berlin - Poznań - Warsaw - Moscow;
  3. Białystok - Warsaw - Łódź - Wrocław - Prague;
  4. Gdańsk - Toruń - Katowice - Cieszyn;
  5. Gdańsk - Warsaw - Lublin - Lvov;

Cargo terminals in Poland

Source: Drawn by PAIiIZ

Railway infrastructure

There are 19 thou. railways in operation in Poland as of 2016, most of them are being under scheduled modernisation.

Between 2011-2016 there were significant investments in railway infrastructure:

  • Main railway stations modernised: Łódź, Warszawa, Trójmiasto
  • Modern sets of traction locomotives started its operation including Pendolino, Pesa Dart, Pesa Flirt, Newag Impuls
  • PKP Cargo invested in modern locomotives Pesa Gama

Significant international railway routs running thorough Poland include:

  • E30: German border - Legnica - Wrocław - Katowice - Kraków - Ukraine border;
  • E20: German border - Poznań - Warsaw - Belarus border;
  • E65: Czech Rep. border - Katowice - Warsaw - Gdynia - Scandinavia;

Additionally, EUR 7.2 bn will be invested in modernising and developing railway infrastructure between 2016-2023 - out of which over EUR 5 bn will constitute EU funds.

Pesa Dart (source: Pesa)

Newag Impuls (source: Newag)

Pesa Dart (source: Pesa)

In addition, PKP PLK is pursuing a modernisation programme of the existing railway infrastructure, including the high-speed rail between main cities of up to 160 km/h for passenger trains, and 120 km/h for cargo trains.

Rail cargo terminals:

PKP Cargo is the second-biggest cargo logistics company in the EU, having at its disposal:

  • 25 intermodal cargo terminals located around Poland, out of which 6 is located in the vicinity of eastern border.
  • 2 logistics centres
  • Małaszewicze PKP Cargo terminal, enabling transhipment of any bulk goods and piece cargo;
  • Currently managing 4 fully-fledged cargo terminals, enabling transhipment of any bulk goods and piece cargo;
  • Medyka-Żurawica - Logistics centre at the Ukraine border.
  • 5 container terminals;

Most recent intermodal investment by PKP CARGO - that is Poznań-Franowo - located at the crossroads of strategic communication corridors. The terminal is the largest cargo station in Greater Poland (Wielkopolska). Estimate transhipment capacity of the terminal equals to 60 thou. TEU (twenty-foot equivalent unit).

Each terminal has a convenient connection with road transport, which derives from its location in vicinity of E-30 pan-European corridor.

Worth mentioning, the CLIP - intermodal terminal in Swarzędz (near Poznań), located near E-30 route - Rotterdam, Antwerp, Warsaw, Moscow, Bejing.

Railway infrastructure in Poland

Source: PKP, 2016

Sea transport

Sea and inland waterway transport re-development are one of the priorities of the current government. Also, in the present EU financial perspective, sea and inland transport are supported by over EUR 1.5 bn, that is 2.5-fold increase as compared to 2007-2013 perspective.

There are 3 main sea cargo terminals:

  • Szczecin - Świnoujście Seaport, with re-loading capacity of 78.4 thou. TEU (twenty-foot equivalent unit) in 2014 r. Scheduled investments will surpass EUR 300 m by 2020.
  • BCT Gdynia Seaport, with re-loading capacity of over 850 thou. TEU in 2015 r.
  • DCT Gdańsk Seaport, with re-loading capacity of over 3 m TEU in 2016 - by 2020 the capacity will increase to 4.5 m TEU by 2020.

Air transport

In Poland, there are a number of international airports, that are also perceived as important cargo logistics hubs, out of which the largest include: Warsaw Chopin Airport, Katowice and Gdansk.

  • Warsaw Cargo Terminal at Okęcie is one of the largest in CEE. What is more, a new DHL courier terminal is being under construction, with a scheduled opening in 2017.
  • There are very positive outlooks for the airways transport in Poland, which is estimated to develop at 3.7% annually between 2014-2019.

Direct flights from Poland


Aberdeen, Alghero, Alicante Amsterdam, Astana, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Bazylea, Belgrad, Bergamo, Bergen Berlin, Billund, Birmingham, Bratislava, Bristol, Brussels, Budapest, Bucharest, , Bonn, Chicago, Dubai, Dublin, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow, Hamburg, Helsinki, Copenhagen, Kharkov, Lisbon, Liverpool, London, Madrid, Manchester, Munich, Moscow, New York, Oslo, Paris, Beijing, Rome, Tel Aviv, Toulouse, Toronto, Vienna, Zurich


Amsterdam, Barcelona, Belfast, Berlin, Brussels, Dortmund, Dublin, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Helsinki, Einthoven, Copenhagen, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Munich, Oslo, Paris, Rome, Zurich


Alicante, Barcelona, Bristol, Brussels, Bolonia, Dublin, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Copenhagen, London, Malta, Munich, Stockholm, Oslo, Paris, Rome, Zurich


Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Berlin, Bristol, Brussels, Dusseldorf, Dortmund, Dublin, Frankfurt, Helsinki, Chicago, Copenhagen, Liverpool, London, Lyon, Madrid, Malta, Manchester Munich, Moscow, New York, Oslo, Paris, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna, Venice, Zurich


Barcelona, Dortmund, Dublin, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Kutaisi, Lisbon, London, Maastricht, Malmö, Oslo, Paris, Rome, Stockholm, Tel Aviv


Alicante, Athens, Barcelona, Billund, Birmingham, Bristol, Castellon Dublin, Edinburg, Eindhoven, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Corfu, Copenhagen, Kyiv, Liverpool, London, Luqa, Madrid, Malmö, Munich, Oslo, Paris, Rome, Stockholm, Tel Aviv


Dublin, Frankfurt, London, Manchester, Oslo, Paris, Rome


Dublin, London, Munich, Oslo


Bergen, Dublin, Edinburgh,  Liverpool, London, Oslo, Stavanger


Birgingham, Dublin, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Glasgow, London

Airports in Poland:

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